The Next Generation Space Telescope


Originally dubbed the Next Generation Space Telescope, what is now known today as the James Webb Space Telescope is the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope. Scheduled to launch sometime in 2013, the Next Generation Space Telescope is being designed to be bigger and better than the Hubble with many more capabilities.
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a large, infrared-optimized space telescope. JWST will find the first galaxies that formed in the early Universe, connecting the Big Bang to our own Milky Way Galaxy. It will peer through dusty clouds to see stars forming planetary systems, connecting the Milky Way to our own Solar System. The next generation in space telescopes will have instruments that are designed to work primarily in the infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum, with some capability in the visible range.
JWST will have a large mirror, 6.5 meters (21.3 feet) in diameter and a sunshield the size of a tennis court. Both the mirror and sunshade won’t fit onto the rocket fully open, so both will fold up and open only once it is in outer space. JWST will reside in an orbit about 1.5 million km (1 million miles) from the Earth.
When you consider that the next generation of space telescopes should be much more powerful than any other space telescopes, the technology that goes into producing them has to be much more advanced than we have ever known. Of course, advancements have been made, and observation of the current space telescope point to areas that need to be improved upon as construction continues on the JWST.
This telescope will be the premier observatory of the next decade serving thousands of astronomers worldwide. It will study every phase in the history of our universe ranging from the first glows after the Big Bang (if you’re so inclined to believe this story of how we got here) to the formation of solar systems capable of supporting life on planets like Earth as well as the evolution of our own solar system.
There are several innovative technologies that have been developed for this next generation of space telescopes. Among them are a folding, segmented primary mirror that will adjust to the shape after launch, and detectors that are able to record weak signals.
Just as with the Hubble, this next generation space telescope will be equipped with cameras and spectrographs designed to work in the infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum. It will be sensitive to light from .6 to 27 micrometers in wavelength.
This next generation in space telescopes is an exciting and interesting venture as it is expected to tell us things we never imagined we could know from space.

Solaris Sun Blade Operating System


Sun Microsystems has come up with an innovative new technology in their Sun Blade 8000 server and the accompanying Solaris operating system. The company has developed breakthrough computer architecture in this system which boasts performance, price, and reliability along with serviceability and efficiency.

The Sun Blade system is great for businesses that require high performance data on several computers connected to a network. This new technology has put Sun back on the “map” in the computer server world. It has given businesses the power and technology to run high data tasks at super fast speeds and with efficiency not seen before.

The Solaris operating system runs on all of the Sun Blade servers. While classically Solaris has been a closed source project, Sun decided to go ahead make it open source and distribute it on the free market. Matching up the Solaris operating system with the new Sun Blade servers was a perfect fit for Sun as well as the consumer because Solaris has been touted as the most advanced operating system on the planet.

Because there are many computers networked together with the Sun Blade server, having the Solaris operating system run the server makes sense. Security is of utmost importance to most businesses. The Solaris operating system comes with some of the most advanced security technology in the computer market. Having this kind of security allows you to safely deliver new solutions, consolidate data, and protect sensitive information on your computer system.

The Solaris operating system has optimized the network stack and gives amazing support for today’s advanced network computing protocols. It delivers high-performance networking to most applications without modification. Solaris offers dramatic advances in file system and volume management by delivering virtually unlimited capacity and near-zero administration.

Understanding that businesses today rely on a mix of technologies from a variety of vendors, the Solaris operating system provides tools to enable seamless interoperability with hundreds of heterogeneous hardware and software platforms. In the business world, this can be a very important advantage.

Solaris also delivers indisputable performance advantages for database, Web, and Java technology-based services, as well as massive scalability, shattering world records by delivering unbeatable price/performance advantages. Having the Solaris operating system on the Sun Blade servers gives your business a distinct advantage with all that it has to offer!

Server technology has reached new heights with the new Sun Blade servers coupled with the Solaris operating system. Now there are choices when you need a network you can rely on. It looks like Sun Micro Systems has provided a great alternative to standard servers with the new Sun Blade system.

Who should I buy a loft bed


Loft beds are great for individuals of all ages, especially those people short on space. Instead of choosing uncomfortable pull-out sofas or chairs that turn into beds or the space saving but awkward Murphy bed, consider choosing a loft bed instead. Allowing you to retain a proper sleeping space while keeping your sacred floor space, loft beds are excellent choices for individuals of all ages in all living spaces. For the most part, loft beds are quite inexpensive and are worth their weight in gold when you see the amount of space saved by these great beds. Individuals of all ages should buy a loft bed, from toddlers entering their first bed to young adults entering the real world.

Kids love loft beds because of the sheer novelty. The sleeping space is elevated, like in a bunk bed, but there is space below instead of a bed which he or she may use only when friends come over to visit. If you are choosing a loft bed for older children, consider avoiding lofts that are a great distance off the ground. Many manufacturers are including kid-sized loft beds that combine a play space with a sleeping space in a fantastic theme that will tickle the child’s minds and imaginations.

Teens are including loft beds into their rooms more and more these days, especially since a teen’s room is much more than a sleeping space. Decorating sources like Pottery Barn Teen frequently have loft beds in their catalogues. These beds allow space below for desks, couches, or anything else that is a must for a teen’s bedroom. Since loft beds are generally associated with college dorm rooms, teens enjoy having a more grown-up option in their bedroom instead of a typical bed that takes up the majority of the floor space.

Again, college students are known for having raw wood two by fours crafted into loft beds to maximize space in tiny dorm rooms. In addition to losing floor space, students are thrown into a room with a roommate, so having a loft bed will eliminate problems associated with roommates sitting or laying on your bed. Furthermore, most dorm rooms do not have enough space for desks, so consider enlisting a loft to allow space for these absolute necessities.

College graduates soon find the lodging in the real world is greatly comparable to dorm rooms. First apartments are notoriously small, so consider bringing the loft bed concept to your bedroom to (again) maximize space. The lofts commercially produced are generally a great deal more sophisticated than the phone number laden lofts of higher education. Whether you choose a sleek modern loft or one with the frills and soft colors of a feminine favorite shabby chic, the loft bed will allow you to create your own statement by squeezing every last square inch out of your room.

Home Improvement – New Solar Technology


Solar panel systems have always been criticized as bulky and unattractive. New solar technology is beginning to make such criticisms a thing of the past.

Solar Advancement

While everyone agrees solar energy is a clean, cost-effective energy source, there has always been one problem. The solar panel systems tended to be large and rather bulky. Frankly, they don’t add to the beauty of a home. While solar panel designs have improved over the years, a new development involving shingles is getting a lot of attention.

Photovoltaic shingles are a major design breakthrough for those who have a distaste for large solar panel systems. These shingles are, well, shingles. The replace the shingles on a roof, but have the physical appearance of a regular roof. Although they are black, they do not standout from the roof in the manner of panels. Instead, the they simply look like a regular roof and many people cannot tell the difference. Obviously, this seamless design is much better than the bulky designs of panel systems.

The technological breakthrough that makes this new technology possible is the invention of thin film photovoltaic cells. Known as “amorphous silicon thin alloy technology”, the designers essentially stepped back from traditional solar panel designs and did some thinking. What they realized is the materials used in panels were not the only ones that could be used. Without getting overly technical, the design team came up with a solution where more efficient cells could be built on a steel substrate. Each super thin cell was tailored to capture different spectrums of the sunlight. When layered on top of each other, they became extremely efficient at producing power.

The ultimate result is a system that can sit directly on the roof of a home or building, is more efficient than regular solar panels and far more appealing from a visual perspective. If you’re excuse for not using solar in the past was the bulky system, you need to rethink solar.

Will this new technology become the breakthrough we have been waiting for in solar power? It already is if you consider just the following:

1. The United States Army is building a solar powered community using it.

2. Museums in Beijing, China are converting to it.

3. Habitat for Humanity is using the system on many of the homes it builds.

4. Lockheed Martin is experimenting with the technology as a power source for high altitude flights.

In the opinion of many experts, this new technology represent a major breakthrough in solar energy. With energy prices exploding, solar represents the best solution to decreasing our dependence on limited oil and natural gas resources. Fortunately, the sun will be providing free power for the foreseeable future.

How To Market To Technology Innovators, Part 1


If there’s one marketing model every high-tech marketing manager should know, it’s the Technology Adoption Life Cycle (TALC). The TALC is the paradigm that describes their prospects’ mindsets your sales staff is likely to encounter as they market your products and services. And it all begins with the technologists themselves: the Innovators.

Innovators are the first market you’re likely to encounter when marketing high technology products and services. These are the people highlighted in the far left-hand side of the curve you see above. They love to be the first ones to jump on a new technology. And for good reason: they’re technologists, themselves.

These technology enthusiasts sometimes go by other names. Things like “techie,” “computer-nerd,” or “propeller-head.” They’ll appreciate your technology product simply because it’s cool. Oh, and if it happens to have an advantage over what they’re using now, so much the better.

As Geoffrey Moore says in his landmark book, “Crossing The Chasm,”…

“They [Innovators] will forgive your ghastly documentation, horrendously slow performance, ludicrous omissions in functionality, and bizzarely obtuse methods of invoking some needed function – all in the name of moving technology forward.”

You have to market to innovators before you can get the attention of the early adopters. And it’s a good thing: these guys are technology savvy enough to give the early adopters the thumbs-up.

So by all rights, this group should be a pretty easy one to market to. Yet I see high-tech companies miss the boat all the time when marketing to them.

B2B Copywriting: Getting Innovators’ Attention

Innovators care about technology issues first. If they care about business issues at all (admittedly, few do) they weigh in at a very distant second. So business benefits won’t get an innovator’s attention.

What will get his attention is new technology – “new” is the operative word. They want to be the first to get a new widget that accomplishes something cool that has never been done before. They’re happy to sign your non-disclosure agreement, as long as they can be among the first to get their hands on your widget.

Innovators have the most advanced brains in the company (really, they do), and they know it. So tell them so in your copy. Paint them a word picture of themselves being part of an exclusive group of advanced engineers who truly appreciate what your breakthrough technology means to the unsuspecting world.

One other thing about innovators: they know they have to live within the confines of corporate America. But that doesn’t mean they have to like it. Though they may not admit it outright, they have a sharp disdain for the “suits” who limit their creativity by demanding something so mundane as a return on investment.

In my next article, I’ll give you an example of direct response copy I’ve written to these Innovators that worked very well in the past. So watch for Part 2 in this series.

Wireless Speakers Offer Excellent Sound Selection


Technology is constantly evolving and introducing new products to an already full line of home theater products. While not the newest kids on the block, wireless speaker technology is also advancing at a rate that prices are no longer out of reach of the average consumer and the value of being able to move your speakers around without going to the work of rewiring is appealing to consumers on an increasingly large scale.

I always try to keep in mind when buying new electronics and electronic components that this year’s technology will sell at half the price this time next year. For this reason I have a hard time investing in the latest and greatest when it comes to technology and tend to remain exactly one generation behind the curve when buying new products. I like to save money whenever possible and in most cases my like of saving money outweighs my like of having new gadgets and gizmos at the high price they often command.

I also have a nasty habit of keeping those products until they are no longer useful at all (I still have my little 13 inch television from my college dorm and I won’t tell you how long ago that was). I will keep it until it no longer works. It is currently being used in my television. I only mention this in order to convey the fact that making a sizeable investment in electronics in most cases is an investment that will last for quite some time unless you are one of those people who has to have the latest and greatest new tech toy each and every year.

Back to my original point wireless speakers have been emerging technology for a few years now. We’ve finally developed enough competition that market prices are trending downwards. This makes now the perfect time to look into the option of purchasing wireless speakers for your home theater. They are still a sizeable investment for the average home theater consumer but well worth it in my opinion for the freedom of choice and movement that they provide.

This is a great add on if you have an existing home theater in place and are considering an upgrade. I think that many people will find that the options this affords makes it well worth the investment that will be required in order to achieve. I strongly recommend however that you do not simply go online and buy the first set of wireless speakers and receiver that you find. This is a serious gamble, as you have no idea what kind of quality you will receive. The best possible recommendation is to make the rounds of local stores and listen to the various systems that are on the market.

Once you’ve found the one wireless sound system that appeals most to you it is time to go online in order to compare prices. Once you’ve found the best price online you should then check your local stores and see if they offer a low price gurantee that will match the online price you found. This is a great way to find better deals and save a little money (by not paying shipping charges).

You should always keep in mind that there are no absolutes when it comes to creating a home theater. You do not have to follow a specific code, or use certain components or even certain seating. The best thing you can do is to create an atmosphere in which you and your family can best enjoy your television and movie viewing experiences. You should keep the sounds you like in mind when selecting speakers and choose speakers that will provide the fullest amount of sound that you are comfortable with the idea of paying your hard earned money in order to purchase. Seriously, this is your money and your home theater is an investment you should take great care to make the best possible investment for your money.



Texas Schools Offer Diverse Magnet School Options


Students attending Texas Public Schools have many choices. They literally have a plethora of magnet programs to choose from. Depending on their grade level, they can choose to attend a school that focuses on providing the 3 Rs with a slant; the Arts, Science, Technology and Foreign Language are all examples of the different types of Texas Schools kids and their parents can choose from.

But what is a magnet school, anyway? A magnet school is a one that, while meeting the educational needs of its students by following state standards, also offers students the chance to study in a unique way. In the beginning, magnet schools were begun with the intent of ending racial segregation. Kids of all economic backgrounds could attend any school they wanted to. In some school systems, like the one that serves many Texas Schools, additional magnet programs have been developed at facilities in locations that parents may have found less than desirable without the magnet option being in place. Instituting magnet programs in Texas Schools has both attracted voluntary enrollment and achieved the desired racial balance.

What are your options? Well, there are magnet programs all throughout the Texas Schools educational system. All students – elementary, middle, and high school – can choose to attend a magnet program. Some Texas Schools programs “feed” into one another; elementary Texas Schools students who attend a performing arts magnet, for example, can continue on to a performing arts middle and high school. Many parents want to ensure their child’s academic success, and that is where the Texas Schools magnet program truly shines. Say your child is really interested in computers. I don’t mean they just like to play computer games. This kid understands all the latest technology, gets excited about tech news, and may have even taken the family PC apart. Well, the little tyke needs to attend a Science and Technology magnet program at one of the Texas Schools! The choice of programs that Texas Schools offer is truly staggering. Following is a sample of some choices in Texas Schools located in Dallas and Houston:

K-5 Visual Arts (grades 4-5) Fine; Creative; and Performing Arts
Leadership (grades 4-5) Leadership; Communication
6-8 Arts (grades 7-8) Fine; Performing Arts
Environmental Science Math & Science; Tech & Spanish
Career Exploratory Architecture & Graphic Design
Law Languages; Physical Development
9-12 Health Professions Meteorology & Space Sciences
Education & Social Services Leadership Academy
Business & Management International Studies

Why should you choose a Texas Schools magnet for your child? I confess that I never knew until it was time for my own children to enroll in school. For our family, sending the kids to a magnet school was a better option than attending our “neighborhood school”. Our children attend a Performing Arts magnet; this choice reflecting my desire to give the kids some early exposure to the arts, since I studied music through college. For my husband, this was a chance to give his children a chance that he never had – exposure to an arts education.

So go ahead, Texas Schools parents, and give magnet schools a try!

Visit the Kennedy Space Center, Florida


For anyone who is enthusiastic or curious about space travel, past and present, a trip to the Kennedy Space Center a little west of Orlando will be a day out not to be forgotten. This isn’t going to be a cheap day out, so make sure you check out in advance the current entrance fees plus any additional budget requirements for additional rides, etc just before you make your trip. Another thing to check in advance is the space shuttle launching schedule – what greater day could there be to go the space center then on a day you will see a shuttle actually take off? Of course, all shuttle schedules are subject to change so even if you arrange your trip to coincide with a scheduled take-off, it’s not necessarily going to happen.

There’s more to see at Kennedy Space Center than just the space shuttle launching however. There are exhibitions of rockets and spacecraft from the years when space travel was in its infancy. There are rides to simulate space travel for those with the nerve to try. There’s the launching pad area where Apollo 11 was once launched placing men on the moon for the first time. There are tours of the site which are narrated and have photo stops. Two must see parts of the Kennedy Space Center experience however are the Imax theatre presentations (capture the thrill of a close-up launch in the “The Dream is Alive” feature), and then the Astronaut Encounter where an astronaut takes to the stage to talk about traveling in space, and also answer questions from the audience – a great experience for any families who have a budding astronaut in their party!

Kennedy Space Center isn’t a theme park but rather a working site that allows visitors a glimpse into the romance, and work, of space flight, as well as an up close and personal insight into the many things that come together in that moment when a space shuttle launches. In an area known for thrills and spills of a manufactured kind, Kennedy is a real life thrill that you can experience without your feet leaving the ground!

Downloading Podcast News


With the rise of podcasting, many individuals and
organizations are finding that podcasting is a great way
to distribute information, from music and comedy
shows to talk shows, even podcast news. CNET is one
of the groups that is distributing a news podcast. CNET,
being an online technology site, naturally found a niche
distributing a tech news related podcast. CNET’s recent
podcasts covered such topics as viruses that attack cell
phones, problems with Google’s software, China’s web
restrictions and the “Great Firewall of China”, and the
FTC’s attack on spyware. These news items were
distributed in a sound file called an mp3 file that is
downloadable to a listener’s computer for listening
whenever they wish. While these files were available
straight from CNET’s site, the majority of them are
shared through the use of an RSS file. An RSS file is a
small piece of XML coding that is downloadable by
programs designed to read it. These programs are called
podcast clients, and the user can input the address of the
RSS files that hold the information on the feed. The
feed will contain links to the media files of the podcast,
and will download the new updates automatically.

More sites than CNET are finding that podcast news is
an expoitable technology. The British Broadcasting
Corporation podcasts some of it’s programs, as well as
the US radio network NPR. The NPR, because its work
is created by a variety of different groups, treats
podcasts differently from show to show. The NPR show
“This American Life” distributes a podcast of the show
through a site called, which allows feed
listeners to subscribe to the feed for a small fee and
download the show . The NPR Hourly News show, on
the other hand, shares a short 5 minute broadcast that
summarizes the news for free. Since the NPR is taking a
radio show and converting it into a file that is
downloadable by the user, little is lost in the translation.
The sound is designed to convey the entire story, and so
podcast subscribers are able to treate the podcast as
nothing more than TIVO for the radio. ABC’s podcast
of the news show Nightline, on the other hand, is
simply the sound track from the television show. This
has been one of the criticisms of the Nightline podcast,
because by merely stripping the sound from what is
designed as a television show, much information is not
given to the users. Listeners have problems telling who
is who because they miss the visual cues that were
supposed to be there, and there is no truly easy way to
convert the shows. For this reason, some news shows
have been moving from audio podcasts to video ones.
They can take the video information directly from the
show that is broadcast, lower the visual resolution to
shrink the file, and distribute it online as a podcast.

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History of Hubble Space Telescope


The history of the Hubble Space Telescope can be traced back to as far as 1946 when astronomer Lyman Spitzer wrote a paper entitled “Astronomical Advantages of an Extra-Terrestrial Observatory”. In the paper, he discussed two main advantages that a space-based observatory would have over ground-based telescopes.

First, the angular resolution (smallest separation at which objects can be clearly distinguished) would be limited only by diffraction, rather than by the turbulence in the atmosphere which, causes stars to twinkle and is known to astronomers as seeing. Second, a space-based telescope could observe infrared and ultraviolet lights, which are strongly absorbed by the atmosphere.

Spitzer devoted much of his career to pushing for a space telescope to be developed. In 1962, the USA’s National Academy of Sciences recommended building a large space telescope. In 1965 Spitzer was appointed as head of a committee given the task of defining the scientific objectives for a large space telescope. After a long battle looking for funding for the project, Congress finally voted to fund the project in 1977 allowing construction of the Hubble Space Telescope to begin.

A huge setback in the history of the Hubble Space Telescope occurred in 1986. The original launch was planned for October of that year, but the space shuttle Challenger encountered disaster in January when it exploded after launch. That disaster caused the space program to come to a halt grounding the space shuttle program and delaying the launch of Hubble.

Following the resumption of shuttle flights in 1988, the launch of the telescope was scheduled for 1990. In preparation for its final launch, dust which had accumulated on the mirror since its completion had to be removed with jets of nitrogen. All systems were tested extensively to insure that they were fully functional. On April 24, 1990, the space shuttle Discovery went into space with Hubble on board to launch the telescope successfully into its planned orbit.
The Hubble Space Telescope was named after Edwin Hubble, the man who discovered the cosmos. As a result of Hubble’s work, our perception of mankind’s place in the Universe has changed forever: humans have once again been set aside from the centre of the Universe. When scientists decided to name the Space Telescope after the founder of modern cosmology the choice could not have been more appropriate.
The history of the Hubble Space Telescope has been dotted with problems as well as successes. But without this important piece of equipment floating around in space, we would not know nearly as much as we do about the universe we live in.